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2017-2018年高二12月聯考英語考題帶答案和解析(河南省豫北重點中學)

On Sunday, May 25th, 2014, India's Malavath Poorna, became the youngest female to climb to the summit of the world's highest peak- Mount Everest. The 13-year-old girl surpassed (超越) the previous record holder, Nepal’s Nima Chemji Sherpa, who accomplished the name achievement in 2012, at the age of 16.
Unlike many young climbers who come from wealthy families, Malvath comes from a poor family living in a small village named Pakala in southern India.
Most Pakala girls have never seen the inside of a school all their lives. Malavath is one of the fortunate ones that managed to realize their dreams thanks to Swaeroes, a welfare organization whose mission is to help India’s poor children reach their full potential. They helped enroll(使入學)the young girl in a nearby boarding school. Then about nine months ago, Swaeroes provided her with the opportunity to achieve this dream by offering mountaineering training. Not one to pass up(錯過)an exciting adventure, the athletic girl signed up.
At the end of the two-week period, only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous ’climb?Malavath was one of them!
Then came the big day. On April 15th, 2014, Malavath and 16-year-old Anand Kumar along with their guide Shekhar Babu and a team of Sherpas(夏爾巴人)began the dangerous 8, 848-meter trek(艱苦跋涉). While most climbers attempt the peak from the slightly easier Nepalese side, this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side. That’s because the government of Nepal does not allow anyone younger than 16 to climb up the route.
It was not easy. In fact, Malavath was sent back to the base camp after she experienced altitude sickness when she got to the advanced base camp set up at an altitude of 6,400 meters. However, the youngster returned three days later, and insisted on continuing. It took 52 days, but on May 25th, 2014, Malavath, who made it to the summit a few minutes ahead of 16-year-old Anand, proudly raised her country’s flag at the top of the world. The young girl hopes that her achievements will inspire poor girls all over the world to try to achieve their dreams.
【小題1】Why did Malavath Poorna’s team choose to climb Mount Everest from the Tibetan side?
A. They could spend less time in reaching the top.
B. They wanted to make their climb more challenging.
C. This side was considered much safer for Malavath Poorna.
D. Malavath Poorna was not old enough to be allowed to climb up the route.
【小題2】Who helped Malavath Poorna receive education in a boarding school?
A. A welfare organization. B. Shekhar Babu.
C. Some Sherpas. D. A wealthy family.
【小題3】What happened to Malavath Poorna during her climb to the summit of Mount Everest?
A. She feared and wanted to give up.
B. She suffered altitude sickness.
C. She fell down a few times and was slightly injured.
D. She made it to the summit a few days ahead of 16-year-old Anand.
【小題4】Which of the following words can best describe Malavath Poorna?
A. Sensitive. B. Considerate.
C. Determined. D. Intelligent.

【答案】①②③? C.選項Determined ?關鍵詞 dangerous ,the harder和experienced altitude sickness與Determined之間的關系。
根據事實細節,推斷合理信息。推理題要求在理解原文表面文字信息的基礎上,作出一定判斷和推論,從而得到文章的隐含意義和深層意義。推理題所涉及的内容可能是文中某一句話,也可是某幾句話,但做題的指導思想都是以文字信息為依據,既不能做出在原文中找不到文字根據的推理,也不能根據表面文字信息做多步推理。也就是說,要做到判斷有據, 推論有理, 忠實原文。切忌用自己的觀點代替作者的本意,切忌片面思考,得出片面結論。
【解析】印度的13歲女孩,Malavath Poorna,出生于貧窮的農民家庭,2014年5月25日她成為最年輕的攀登世界最高峰珠峰頂峰的女性。她希望她的成就能激勵世界各地的貧窮女孩去實現他們的夢想。
【小題1】D
推理判斷題。根據第五段可知“While most climbers attempt the peak from the slightly easier Nepalese side, this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side. That’s because the government of Nepal does not allow anyone younger than 16 to climb up the route.” 雖然大多數登山者試圖從稍微容易些的尼泊爾一側登頂,但這支隊伍必須經過更艱難的西藏一側。這是因為尼泊爾政府不允許任何年齡在16歲以下的人爬上這條路。分析本句可知要想從尼泊爾這一側登山,必須滿16歲,從第一段中可知Malavath隻有13歲,因為她不足16歲而禁止的。因此她經西藏這邊。分析選項可知D符合題意。
【小題2】A
細節理解題。根據第三段中的第二句“Malavath is one of the fortunate ones that managed to realize their dreams thanks to Swaeroes, a welfare organization whose mission is to help India’s poor children reach their full potential.”分析句意,Malavath是個幸運的人,感謝swaeroes設法讓她實現自己的夢想。Swaeroes,一個公益組織,其使命是幫助印度的貧困兒童充分發揮他們的潛能。可知是一個公益組織幫助她接受教育的,分析選項可知A符合題意。
【小題3】B
?細節理解題。根據最後一段的“In fact,Malavat was sent back to the base camp after she experienced altitude sickness when she got to the advanced base camp set up at an altitude of 6,400 meters” 分析句子可知她登山時,她經曆了高原反應,Malavat曾被送回營地。分析句子可知B符合題意,故選B。
【小題4】C
【解題剖析】此題屬于推理判斷題中的(4)根據事實細節,推斷合理信息。答案需要從文章的dangerous ,the harder和experienced altitude sickness與Determined之間的關系。
【答案定位】①“only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous climb?Malavath was one of them!”? Malavath被選定為危險的攀登的兩個年輕人中的其中之一。第五段②“Malavath…began the dangerous 8,848-meter trek? ….this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side.”malavath 開始了危險的8848米的跋涉(艱苦跋涉)。必須經過更艱難的西藏一側。最後一段中的③“she experienced altitude sickness…Malavath, who made it to the summit”經曆過高原反應,卻最終攀登上珠峰。分析這幾點可知攀登非常危險又極其困難,因此沒有決心和毅力是不可能完成的,進行推斷出她是個有毅力的人。
【推理關系】題幹Which of the following words can best describe Malavath Poorna?.?文章内容①“only two youngsters were selected for the dangerous climb?Malavath was one of them!”? Malavath;②“Malavath…began the dangerous 8,848-meter trek? ….this team had to go via the harder Tibetan side.”;③“she experienced altitude sickness…Malavath, who made it to the summit”。

TransNatura International Nature Photo Competition
The application is open, and all photographers are invited from all over the world, except the jury (評委會) and the organizers. The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife. On the photos only wild animals can be included.
● Two categories:
A Category: Open?any type of nature photography, representing animals, plants, landscape, and so on
B Category: The art of flying?nature pictures that represent the movement of flying animals and the beauty of flying
● The assessment by the jury: 16th September?10th October
● Announcement of results: 30th of October
● Exhibition Opening: 23th of November
● The works received will be evaluated and decided upon by an international jury made up of the five persons from Hungary and Romania.
● A total number of competition prizes will be awarded:
Grand Prize?1,000 Euro;
1st Prize?600 Euro;
2nd Prize?400 Euro;
3rd Prize?200 Euro.
● Entry requirements:
? A participant may enter the competition with at most four pictures per category.
? The pictures for the competition have to be submitted before 15th of September in the form of digital images, in jpg format.
? The participant must have full copyright over the submitted photos.
? The entry fee is 10 Euro for a category, 15 Euro for two categories.
? Additional information can be obtained by e-mail at: transnatura@vadon.ro.
【小題1】What should be the theme of the competition?
A. Fashion. B. Society.
C. Nature. D. Technology.
【小題2】Which of the following can be allowed to enter the competition?
A. A picture with a pet dog in it. B. A picture with a wild tiger in it.
C. A picture taken by an organizer. D. A picture with a flying hen in it.
【小題3】What can be known about an award-winning picture?
A. It will win at least 200 Euro. B. It should be linked to a flying animal.
C. It will be printed in a famous magazine. D. Its display will end in October.

【答案】
【小題1】C
【小題2】B
【小題3】A
【解析】 本文主要介紹了transnatura國際自然攝影比賽的參賽資格,要求及獲獎者所得的獎品。
【小題1】C?
推理判斷題。根據題目“TransNatura International Nature Photo Competition” 國際自然攝影比賽。及第一段中的“The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife.” 最基本的要求是錄音必須由自然環境進行,而不幹擾野生動物。分析這兩處可知比賽的主題應該是自然界(nature)。分析選項可知C符合題意。
【小題2】B
?推理判斷題。根據第一段“The basic requirement is that the recordings have to be made of natural habitats without disturbing the wildlife. On the photos only wild animals can be included”可知參賽作品必須是在自然環境中,必須是野生動物。A中是寵物狗和D中的母雞,都不是野生動物。故A和D排除。第一段第一句“ all photographers are invited from all over the world, except the jury (評委會) and the organizers.”所有的照片都是來自世界各地的攝影師,但評委會和組織者除外。C項中的組織者不可以參賽的。故C也排除。B項(. A picture with a wild tiger in it.)照片中有野生的老虎符合這一項,故選B。
【小題3】A
?推理判斷題。根據“A total number of competition prizes will be awarded:”所列的獎品中可知獲獎者的獎品:比賽頒發獎品有:特等獎-1000歐元;一等獎-600歐元;二等獎400歐元;三等獎-200歐元,由此可知至少可獲得200歐元的獎金,分析選項可知A符合題意。

Venom(毒液)from a local scorpion(蠍子)in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine “Vidatox 30 CH which can be used to treat liver, brain, lung and other cancers. The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans after being first tested in biological models. Labiofam, a Cuban laboratory, has breeding(繁殖)centers for both the Red Scorpion and Blue Scorpion. Each month, some 30,000 scorpions in Las Minas town, 270 km east of Havana are made to give the venom. After two years, the scorpions are released back into their natural habitat.
Denyer Sanchez, a biologist from Labiofam, explained that the conditions are adjusted for reproduction, proved by the high number of breeding female scorpions. He said when the offspring(後代)becomes able to live in the environment, we release them because they do not have the necessary size yet to remove their venom, said Sanchez. Sanchez also said that there is still much to research on the exploitation process of scorpions, such as female death rate or the ability to survive of the released scorpions.
Cuban research on the scorpion’s venom began at the end of 1980s in Guantanamo province, the island’s eastern tip, where a group of biologists and doctors became interested in the stories told by the peasants about the venom's benefits. However,the first discovery was made by Cuban biologist Misael Bordier. In 2001, Bordier visited Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and presented the research progress in a professional journal. Bordier died in 2005, one year before Cuba's Industrial Property Office gave Labiofam the rights to exploit the patent related to the venom.
【小題1】How are the scorpions dealt with after their venom has been taken for two years?
A. Their bodies are used to make medicines.
B. They are bred in the laboratory for research.
C. They are raised to give birth to the offspring.
D. They are set free into their natural habitat.
【小題2】What can we infer from the passage about the research on scorpions?
A. The UN provided fund for the research team.
B. There is still much to study in detail.
C. The achievements will benefit animals.
D. Many scientists doubt about the result of the research.
【小題3】What can we learn about Bordier in the last paragraph?
A. He was given the rights to exploit the patent.
B. He began his research at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
C. He put forward the research progress in a professional journal.
D. He was a peasant who told the stories about the venom’s benefits.
【小題4】What does this passage mainly talk about?
A. The various uses of scorpions in Cuba.
B. Cuban biologists’ research on strange diseases.
C. Suitable conditions for Cuban scorpions to breed.
D. Cuban scorpion venom’s effect on fighting cancer.

【答案】
【小題1】D
【小題2】B
【小題3】C
【小題4】D
【解析】
【小題1】D
細節理解題。根據第一段最後一句“Each month, some 30,000 scorpions in Las Minas town, …are made to give the venom. After two years, the scorpions are released back into their natural habitat.”每月在拉斯米納斯鎮有3萬隻蠍子被取出毒液。兩年後,蠍子被釋放回它們的自然栖息地。分析句意可知蠍子被取出毒液,兩年後就會被放生加它們的自然栖息地。分析選項可知D項符合題意,故選D。
【小題2】B
細節理解題。根據第一段第一句“? Venom (毒液) from a local scorpion (蠍子) in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine…The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans”可知蠍子的毒液對人類有極大的益處,而不是對動物,而且是已經運用,故C和D是不對的。A項文章沒有涉及。根據第二段最後一句“Sanchez also said that there is still much to research on the exploitation process of scorpions, such as female death rate or the ability to survive of the released scorpions.” 分析Sanchez的話可知,對蠍子的開發過程,如雌性的死亡率或被放生的蠍子的生存能力,還有許多研究工作要做。分析選項可知B項(還有很多要詳細研究的)符合題意。
【小題3】C
細節理解題。根據第三段倒數第二句“In 2001, Bordier visited Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM) and presented the research progress in a professional journal.”可知在2001年波迪爾訪問墨西哥國立自治大學,而且在專業刊物上介紹了他的研究成果。由此可知C符合題意,故選C項。
【小題4】D
主旨大意題。根據第一段第一句“? Venom (毒液) from a local scorpion (蠍子) in Cuba is being used by Cuban scientists as an effective weapon to fight cancer. The venom, with stopping pain, anti-inflammatory (炎症) and anti-cancer properties, is the active ingredient in the medicine Vidatox 30 CH,” which can be used to treat liver, brain, lung and other cancers. The treatment has been successfully used for more than four years in humans。”分析可知在古巴從當地的蠍子中提取的毒液被古巴科學家用于對抗癌症的有效武器。毒液,具有止痛、消炎(炎症)和抗癌特性,是醫學中的“vidatox CH 30的活性成分,可用于治療肝、腦、肺及其他癌症。經過四年的生物試驗,這種治療方法已經成功地應用于人類。由此可判斷本文主要讨論的就是古巴蠍子的毒液對抗癌症的療效。分析選項可知D項符合。

The UN refugee agency(難民署)is heaping pressure on Europe to help Italy defuse(平息)the “unfolding tragedy” of tens of thousands of migrants flooding its shores. Italy needs more international support to deal with a growing number of migrants who have braved a risky Mediterranean crossing to reach Europe this year, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said on Saturday.
“What is happening in front of our eyes in Italy is an unfolding tragedy,” Grandi said in a statement. “In the course of last weekend,12,600 migrants and refugees arrived on its shores, and an estimated 2,030 have lost their lives in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the year. ’’ Italy, he said, was “playing its part” in taking in those rescued and offering protection to those in need. “These efforts must be continued and strengthened. But this cannot be an Italian problem alone.”
Separately, a source in Paris said the interior ministers of France, Germany and Italy would meet in the French capital on Sunday to discuss an approach to help Rome.
Violence in Calais
Europe has been dealing with the worst migration crisis since the end of World War II with the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution(迫害).
In the northern French port city of Calais, police stepped in over the past two days to break up fighting among African migrants armed with sticks and rocks. Calais has for years been a magnet(磁鐵)for migrants and refugees hoping to cross the Channel to Britain.
Last October, France broke up the disreputable tent camp known as “the Jungle” transferring thousands of migrants to centers around the country. But hundreds remain near the port, mostly Africans and Afghans, who fight sporadically with police as they make nightly attempts to stow away(偷乘)onto trucks heading across the Channel to Britain.
【小題1】Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the reason for people to go to Italy?
A. Receiving job training.
B. Seeking an escape from poverty.
C. Fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq.
D. Seeking an escape from political persecution.
【小題2】How does the passage describe the migrants’ voyage to Italy?
A. Quite safe. B. Full of fun.
C. Very dangerous. D. Rather easy.
【小題3】The underlined word “sporadically” in Para. 6 means “ ”.
A. happening fairly often, but not regularly
B. dealing with danger, pain, or difficult situations with courage
C. having the right qualities for a particular person, purpose, or situation
D. showing that you are careful to consider other peopled needs and feelings
【小題4】What can be the best title for the news report?
A. Causes of migration to Europe
B. In Calais, police step in to break up fighting
C. Tens of thousands of migrants flood French shores
D. UN urges Europe to help with migrants

【答案】the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution ?B 選項Receiving job training。.
【小題2】C
推理判斷題。根據第一段第一句“help Italy defuse? the “unfolding tragedy” of tens of thousands of migrants flooding its shores”第二段中的“an estimated 2,030 have lost their lives in the Mediterranean since the beginning of the year”(自年初以來,估計有2030人在Mediterranean 失去了生命)。第五和六段中的“Violence in Calais”和“break up fighting among African migrants armed with sticks and rocks.”從中可知形容移民到意大利是一個悲劇(unfolding tragedy),有那麼多的人在移民中死于地中海,并且在移民中不時有暴力發生。可知非常危險的,分析選項可知C項符合題意,故選C。
【小題3】A
推理判斷題。第五段最後一句,叙述Calais多年來一直像一個磁鐵吸引移民和難民橫渡海峽到英國。根據第六段可知法國把成千上萬的移民轉移到全國各地的中心。但港口附近仍有數百人逗留,大多非洲人和阿富汗人,為了夜間試圖偷乘上卡車穿越海峽到英國。而不時地與警察鬥争。分析上下文,可知這種鬥争隻在夜間,人數不多但經常發生,卻沒有規律。分析選項可知A符合題意,故選A。
【小題4】D
主旨大意題。本文第一段:聯合國難民署迫于歐洲方面的壓力,幫助意大利平息數以萬計的移民湧上海岸的 “移民悲劇”。意大利需要更多的國際支持來應對今年越來越多的人冒着危險從地中海穿越到歐洲的移民。星期六,聯合國難民事務高級專員菲利普格蘭迪說,。這是本文的中心段。由此可知D項符合題意。A項(移民歐洲的原因)題目太大了,B項(在Calais,警方介入,打破了戰鬥)和C項(成千上萬的移民湧上法國海岸。)是細節,不能作為題目。故選D。
【解析】 本文主要講述了在意大利發生的移民事件,分析了移民湧進意大利的原因以及由此引起的影響。
【小題1】B
文章細節的理解可以細化為:(1)一一對應型。答案與題目在表達形式和意義上直接吻合,一一對應,一目了然。 (2)語言轉述型。這是一類間接事實細節題,答案與題目在意義上運用了詞義之間的轉述關系,即正确選項是原文有關詞語和句子的另一種表達 (3)語意理解型。這是一類深層事實細節理解題,答案與題目之間存在着一定的邏輯聯系,這種聯系需要建立在事實的基礎上通過上、下文來進行判斷、分析、歸納和整合,才能得出正确答案。 (4)是非辨别型。這是一類綜合事實細節題,出題形式常常是“三正一誤”(三項正确,隻有一項不符合原文内容)或“三誤一正”(三項錯誤,隻有一項符合原文内容)。(5)事實排序型。
【解題剖析】此題屬于細節理解中之(4)是非辨别型。這是一類綜合事實細節題,出題形式常常是“三正一誤”(三項正确,隻有一項不符合原文内容)或“三誤一正”(三項錯誤,隻有一項符合原文内容)。
【答案定位】 根據第五段中的“the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution” 大批逃離叙利亞和伊拉克戰争的人們的到來,而其他來自非洲的人們正在尋求擺脫貧困或政治迫害。由此可判斷有提到A、C 和D,全文沒有提到B項(找工作) 。
【推理關系】題幹Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the reason for people to go to Italy? ?文章内容the arrival of large numbers of people fleeing the wars in Syria and Iraq while others from Africa are seeking an escape from poverty or political persecution

If you want to make a difference by doing a volunteer job, you can take the following steps.
* Before becoming a volunteer, consider your hobbies and interests. You can find a job in your area or around the world where you can help. 【小題1】 They can be found in nursing homes or at food banks, and other charities.
*【小題2】 Then you can apply for the volunteer sector(領域)you have chosen. Rewrite the resume and focus on education and experience in your chosen field.
*【小題3】 If you are not free during the volunteer shifts(輪班), it’s more likely that you will be passed over.
*【小題4】 You can also go to their websites to fill out an online application and email a copy of your resume.
*Speak or contact directly with the manager in charge of hiring new volunteers. It’s important to tell them your enthusiasm for the volunteer work. At the same time, make it clear how you are qualified .【小題5】
*Fill out any other paperwork that is requested to complete the application process. It’s best to set an appointment to interview in the end.
A. Be friendly and outspoken.
B. Don’t forget to offer a hand to others in need.
C. Volunteer jobs are often available(可獲得的)in many places.
D. Visit the volunteer location in person with a copy of your resume.
E. Make a detailed timetable that shows you can do the volunteer work at the time.
F. It’s because you are not sure the hiring manager has read your resume or seen the online application.
G. Review your work and volunteer resume (簡曆)to determine what strengths and experience you have.

【答案】
【小題1】C
【小題2】G
【小題3】E
【小題4】D
【小題5】F
【解析】 本文主要介紹如何成為一句志願者,找到适合你做的志願活動。
【小題1】C
?考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。上文内容:你可以在你所在的地區或世界各地找到一份你可以幫助的工作。也就是說在許多地方可找到。分析選項可知C項( Volunteer jobs are often available in many places.)可知志願者的工作往往在許多地方可找到。符合題意,故選C項。
【小題2】G.
考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。分析選項可知G項與本段有許多同詞複現 。如Rewrite the resume a和 experience ,分析本段可知主要介紹知道到哪找志願者工作後,要去申請你選的工作,然後修改自己的簡曆重點強調你在這個領域内的經驗。分析G項(複查一下自己的工作和志願者的簡曆, 确定你在這個領域有什麼的優勢和經驗。)正是對這一段的總結,符合題意,故選G
【小題3】E
考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。本小題是對本段的總結性語言。分析段意:如果輪到你去做志願活動,你沒有空的話那你有可能被忽略。因此如果你想參加的話一定要管理你的時間。分析選項可知E項(.制定一份詳細的時間表,說明你可以在那時做志願者工作)與之相符,故選E。
【小題4】D
考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。本段句意:你也可以到他們的網站上填寫一份在線申請并發一份你的簡曆。在文中有一個“also”說明還有别的選擇。分析選項可知,D.項(親自訪問志願者所在地,并有一份簡曆)正是另一種填簡曆的方式。故選D項。
【小題5】F
考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。上文内容:與負責招聘新志願者的經理直接交談或聯系。告訴他們你對志願者工作的熱情是很重要的。同時,要清楚你是如何合格的。分析選項F. 這是因為你不确定招聘經理是否看過你的簡曆或者看到在線申請。可知本段正是來說明前面的内容的,故F項符合題意,選F項。

Two student loggers (伐木者) each held an end of a saw (鋸子). They set the ______ of the blade (刀片) on top of an 8-by 8-inch square piece of timber (木材) and began to ______ it back and forth.
They began slowly and ______ worked to a faster pace.______ the piece of wood fell to the ground, the students passed the saw to the second half of their relay team, who then began to saw.
When Nate Letarte, Julian Baldinelli, Allan Theriault and David Merrill from School of Applied Technology in Mexico, Maine, US finished the relay, people ______ applause.
It was like that with each event at the 38th Annual Loggers Meet early this month at a field across from the Mt Blue Campus.
About 50 students from nearby areas in forestry programs took part in the event. The programs ______ students to the many aspects of forestry-related ______, from cutting wood to using heavy equipment to managing a small business and ______ wood products.
At the annual competition, students had a chance to show their ______ at using axes, operating logging equipment such as a forwarder (傳送裝置) and knowing ______ trees, among other things. They can also share their ______ of chainsaws (鍊鋸).
Kyle Holman, a senior, said the event lets students see what they are ______ in the forestry field.
“Some of us didn’t know how to run a forwarder and other kids did,” he said.
During the ______ event, students used a forwarder to pick up wood and move it.
The event ______ out the strengths in student loggers, and shows them the qualities and ______ they have, junior Matt Given said.
“We’re all one big community with the same ______,” senior Christopher Cook said. “This event just gives us a chance to show what we have ______ at school.”
Marshal Elwell, a senior, said he and his friends travelled over three hours ______ the event.
“I think I’m going to ______ in the woods for a while,” Elwell said, talking about his post-graduation plan. “I enjoy ______ equipment. I like being in the woods.”
【小題1】A. teeth B. brush C. handle D. belt
【小題2】A. pass B. repair C. move D. polish
【小題3】A. gradually B. anxiously C. beneficially D. calmly
【小題4】A. Unless B. Though C. Once D. Until
【小題5】A. resulted from B. called for C. turned off D. broke into
【小題6】A. limit B. describe C. consult D. introduce
【小題7】A. appointment B. employment C. insurance D. expense
【小題8】A. receiving B. marketing C. separating D. obtaining
【小題9】A. skills B. applications C. demands D. energies
【小題10】A. green B. tall C. different D. young
【小題11】A. invention B. knowledge C. discovery D. security
【小題12】A. strict with B. good at C. curious about D. free from
【小題13】A. loading B. trading C. sporting D. touring
【小題14】A. leaves B. pulls C. hands D. carries
【小題15】A. reports B. choices C. relations D. weaknesses
【小題16】A. interests B. analyses C. contradictions D. measures
【小題17】A. predicted B. remembered C. learned D. treasured
【小題18】A. within B. around C. for D. by
【小題19】A. ride B. play C. compromise D. work
【小題20】A. identifying B. promoting C. supplying D. running

【答案】
【小題1】A
【小題2】C
【小題3】A
【小題4】C
【小題5】D
【小題6】D
【小題7】B
【小題8】B
【小題9】A
【小題10】C
【小題11】B
【小題12】B
【小題13】A
【小題14】B
【小題15】D
【小題16】A
【小題17】C
【小題18】C
【小題19】D
【小題20】D
【解析】本文主要描述美國中學生實地體驗伐木生活的經曆。
【小題1】A
考查名詞辨析。句意:兩個學伐木的學生,各執鋸子的一方,把鋸齒放入在一個8x8的木材上開始鋸木頭了。 teeth牙齒; brush刷子;handle把手; belt腰帶;,傳送帶。根據常識要鋸木頭自然要把鋸齒對準木頭,故選A。
【小題2】C
考查動詞辨析。pass 經過, repair 修理; move移動; polish(使)光滑,擦亮。分析第1小題可知,兩個學生各執鋸子的一方開始移動(move)鋸子伐木了。要想鋸木頭就要移動鋸子,故選C
【小題3】A
考查副詞。gradually逐步地,漸漸地; anxiously焦急地;beneficially獲利地;. calmly鎮定地。句意:他們開始很慢,接着加快了工作的步伐。根據後面的詞“fast”可知是漸漸地加快了工作,故選A。
【小題4】C
?考查連詞辨析。句意:一旦一截木頭落地,學生就把鋸子傳給下一組,他們接着鋸木頭。分析句意可知,他們把鋸木頭當作一場“relay”(接力賽),因此選C項,Once表示時間的緊湊。而Unless除非; Though 盡管,然而; Until一直到…,意思放在句子不通,故穩定C。
【小題5】D
考查動詞短語辨析。分析句意可知,當他們完成這項伐木工作後人們為他們鼓掌表示祝賀。分析句子可知,人們把學生輪流鋸木頭看作是接力賽,因此比賽後會赢得掌聲。分析選項(resulted from 由于;called for呼籲;turned off 關閉)可知這三個選項與掌聲(applause)不搭配,隻有broke into突然爆發可與掌聲連用,爆發掌聲。故選D。
【小題6】D
考查動詞辨析。Limit限制;. describe 描述;consult咨詢; introduce介紹,引進。The programs 作為主語,不能用consult(咨詢)。而limit sb to doing sth,故A與B不能用。而describe sth to sb,而不能是課程描繪學生,故隻有D項,introduce sb to sth.。句意:這這些課程向學生介紹了與林業有關的就業的許多方面。可知D符合題意。
【小題7】B
考查名詞。Appointment約會,約定; employment雇用,工作,職業;insurance保險,保險業;. expense費用。本空的下文:從切割木材到使用重型設備再到管理一個小企業和和木制品的銷售。而這一切都是工作(employment)。因此選B。
【小題8】B
?考查動詞辨析。Receive,收到; market銷售;separate,分離;obtain擁有,獲得。根據本段的流程可知成品的木制品自然是要銷售(market),故選B。
【小題9】A
考查名詞辨析。Skills技術,技能; applications應用;;demands 要求;energies能量,精力。分析句子可知在比賽中學生們要展示他們使用斧子的技術(skills),因此選A.
【小題10】C
考查形容詞辨析。 green 綠色的; tall 高的; different 不同的; young年輕的。根據常識是學生學習伐木,應該是要了解不同的(different)樹種。因此C項符合題意。
【小題11】B
考查名詞辨析。 Invention發明;knowledge知識; discovery發明; security安全。句意:他們也可以分享他們關于電鋸的知識。因為這是一次學生的實踐活動,學生要分享這次活動中用到的知識,所以是分享知識(knowledge),因此選B。
【小題12】B
考查短語辨析。strict with 對…嚴格;good at 擅長…; curious about對…好奇; free from免于…。根據下文:學生有的不知道如何去經營運輸業,而有的人卻知道,由知可知有的人擅長而有的人不擅長,故選B項(good at 擅長…)。
【小題13】A
?考查動詞 load裝運;trade貿易,交易;sport運動;tour觀光。句意:在裝貨過程中,學生們使用傳送裝置來撿木頭并移動它。分析句意可知要用傳送裝置來運送木材的,故選A。
【小題14】B
考查動詞短語辨析。pull out 駛出,拔出,抽出。句意:這項活動激發了學生伐木工人的力量。分析句意可知,這希活動把學生伐木工人身上的力量抽出來(puul out)了。而其餘三項(leave out 忽略,遺漏,省去;? hand out,分發,拿出來;carry out 實行,進行)都不能與學生身上的力氣搭配。故選B。
【小題15】D
考查名詞辨析。 Report報導; choice選擇;relation關系;weaknesse缺點。根據上一段最後一句“Some of us didn’t know how to run a forwarder and other kids did,”可知是顯示學生身上優點和缺點(the qualities and weaknesses)。因此D符合題意。
【小題16】A
考查名詞辨析。 Interests興趣;analyses 分析;contradictions矛盾;measures程度,尺寸,度量法。句意:我們都屬于有着相同興趣的大社區。分析句子可知人有着相同的興趣(interessts),故選A。
【小題17】C
考查動詞辨析。Predict預測; remember記得;learn學習; treasure珍惜。句意:這個活動給了我們一個展示我們在學校學到的東西的機會。分析句意可知學生在學校是學習知識,因此選C項(learn學習)。
【小題18】C
考查介詞短語。句意:Marshal Elwell和他的朋友們為了這個活動走了三個多小時。根據句意可知Marshal Elwell是來伐木場實習的學生,他們來這兒就是為了(for)學伐這件事的。故選C
【小題19】D
考查動詞辨析。. ride騎,乘;play玩耍; compromise妥協; work工作。句意:我想我要在樹林裡工作一會兒。根據句子可知這幾個人是在伐木場實習的,故選work,因此D符合題意。
【小題20】D
考查動詞辨析。 identify識别,認出;promote提倡,倡導; supply供應; run奔跑,操作,運行。句意:我喜歡操作機器。 我喜歡呆在森林裡。分析句子可知機器是人操作的,因此選D。

The pickle (泡菜) jar as far back as I can remember sat on the floor beside the dresser (梳妝台) in my parents’ bedroom. When he got ready for bed, Dad would empty his pockets and toss (投擲) his coins into the jar. It seemed that he was accustomed 【小題1】 doing such a thing When the jar was filled, I used to 【小題2】 (go) with him and he would take the coins to the bank. “These are for my son’s college fund. He’ll never work at the mill (磨坊) all his life like me. If he 【小題3】 (work) like me in the future, he might not have a bright future. Good education can make a difference to people.” He had the coins 【小題4】 (count) and then he deposited the money in the bank.
The years passed, and I finished college and took a job. Sometimes the job makes me tired 【小題5】 (mental) but it is my particular preference. If possible, I will do it permanently in my life. Once, while 【小題6】 (visit) my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar in my parents’ bedroom was gone. My father thought 【小題7】 very important for me to receive a good high education. He demanded that I 【小題8】 (try) my best to enter a good university.
The first Christmas after our daughter Jessica was born, we made an 【小題9】 (appoint) to visit my parents so we spent the holiday with them. Now our big family consists of five people. When Susan came back into the living room, she said softly, “Look”. To my amazement, there stood the old pickle jar, the bottom already 【小題10】 (cover) with coins. I walked over to the pickle jar, dug down into my pocket, and pulled out a fistful of coins.
With the strong emotion choking me, I dropped the coins into the jar. I looked up and saw Dad who was carrying Jessica. Our eyes locked, and I knew he was feeling the same emotions as I felt.

【答案】
【小題1】to
【小題2】go
【小題3】should work/were to work/ worked
【小題4】counted
【小題5】mentally
【小題6】visiting
【小題7】it
【小題8】(should) try
【小題9】appointment
【小題10】covered
【解析】 本文屬于故事類。主要講述了小時候父親為了能給我攢足錢上大學,把節省下來的錢放入一個泡菜壇子裡,每當壇子滿了父親就和我一起取出存在銀行時。等我畢業有了工作後壇子不見了,但當我的女兒出生後的第一個聖誕節我去看望父母又看見了一個壇子,底部已被硬币覆蓋着。父母的愛再一次傳遞給下一代。
【小題1】 to
?考查固定搭配。be accustomed to doing,為固定搭配,“習慣于做某事”,因此要用to。
【小題2】go
?考查固定用法。句意:當罐子裝滿的時候,我過去常和他(爸爸)一起把硬币拿到銀行去。used to do sth.,為固定搭配,“過去常常做某事”。因此填go。
【小題3】should work/were to work/ worked
?考查與将來事實相反的虛拟語氣。句意:如果他(兒子)将來像我一樣工作,他可能沒有光明的前途。與過來事實相反的虛拟語氣,If從句要用should do/were to do/一般過去時。故此空可填 should work/were to work/ worked。
【小題4】counted
?考查固定用法。句意:他把硬币數了一下,然後把錢存入銀行。have sth.done,為固定用法。have sth done即sth是done的邏輯主語,是被動的。這兒硬币是被數,故用counted
【小題5】mentally
?考查副詞修飾形容詞。句意:有時候這份工作讓我精神上很疲勞。Mental為形容詞,不能修飾形容詞tired,要用副詞mentally修飾,故用mentally。
【小題6】visiting
?考查非謂語的ing 形式作狀語。句意:有一次,在去看望父母的時候,我發現我父母卧室裡的泡菜壇子不見了。while ___6___ (visit) my parents, I noticed that the pickle jar in my parents’ bedroom was gone.本句是一個省略句。Visit的邏輯主語是I,I與visit的關系是主動關系,在非謂語中動詞ing形式表主動的,故要選visiting。
【小題7】it
?考查代詞。句意:我父親認為接受良好的高等教育對我很重要。本句中it作think的形式賓語,真正的賓語是後面的動詞不定式to receive a good high education.。故要用it。
【小題8】(should) try
?考查虛拟語氣。句意:他要求我盡力進入一所好大學。在英語中demand,表示要求時,所跟的賓語從句要用should +動詞原形,should 可以省略。因為前面的動詞為demand,所以後面的賓語從句用(should) try,should 可以省略。
在表示“堅持”、“命令”、“建議”、“要求”等後的賓語從句要用虛拟語氣。這類動詞可歸納為“一個堅持(insist)、兩個命令(order, command)、三個建議(advise, suggest, propose)、四個要求(demand, require, request, ask)”?這類虛拟語氣由“should+動詞原形”構成。其中的should在美國英語中通常可以省略。如?
He insisted that I (should) go with them. 他堅持要我同他們一起去。
He ordered that it (should) be sent back. 他命令把它送回去。
The doctor advised [suggested] that he (should) not smoke. 醫生建議他不要抽煙。
He requires that I (should) appear. 他要求我出場。
【小題9】appointment
?考查名詞。句意:我們約好了去看望父母,可以和他們一起度假。根據所填的詞所在的位置要用名詞,而appoint是動詞,故用其名詞形式appointment.
【小題10】covered
?考查固定搭配。句意:令我驚訝的是,那兒有一個古老的泡菜罐子,底部已經被硬币覆蓋着。be covered with…為固定搭配,“被….覆蓋”。因此要用covered.

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有 10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。錯誤涉及一個單詞的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺詞處加一個漏子符号(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。
?除:把多餘的詞用斜線()劃掉。
修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改後的詞。
注意:1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞:
2.隻允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。
On November 12, 2017, the student in our class paid visit to China Science and Technology Museum.
At 8: 00, we left to China Science and Technology Museum by bus. At 8:30, a guide introduced it to us briefly and told us that what we should pay attention to during we visit. Ten minutes late, we began our visit. Some students took notes carefully as they visited. All the students were amazing at the rapidly achievements in science and technology. Three hours has gone by before we knew it. At 11: 30, we returned to our school.
This visit no only broadened my outlook but also aroused my interest in science and technology.

【答案】2017年,高二英語,下期月考測驗
【解析】1.student改為students
考查名詞的數。句意:2017年11月12日,我們班的學生參觀了中國科技館。分析句子可知是許多學生,故用複數,所以student改為students.
2.在paid後添加a?
考查固定搭配。Pay a visit to,為固定搭配,譯為’ “參觀”,本句中缺少a,故要添加a。
3.把to改為for
考查固定搭配。句意:8:00我們坐巴士去中國科技館的。 leave for,為固定搭配“動身去某地”,因此把to 改為for。
4.把that删除.
考查賓語從句的引導詞。told us that what we should pay attention to during we visit.本句中tell的賓語從句中有兩個引導詞,that和what.分析從句意思可知,pay attention to後缺少賓語,在名詞從句中缺少賓語,要用what 引導,而that在從句不缺少成分時才用,that 在句子中多餘。故把that删除。
5.we改為our?
考查形容詞物主代詞。句意:8點30分,一位導遊簡要向我們作了介紹,告訴我們在參觀期間要注意什麼。分析句可知,we在此是修飾名詞visit,故要用our,而不能用we。因為we是主格,作主語的。
6.late改為later
考查副詞。句意:十分鐘後,我們開始了我們的參觀。Late晚,遲到。Later以後,過後。分析句意可知,是10分鐘後,故把late改為later.
7.amazing改為amazed?
考查形容詞。句意:所有的學生都對科學技術的飛速發展感到驚奇。Amazing,為“令人驚奇的”一般修飾物的,而amazed “感到驚奇的”,一般修飾人的,而本句的主語是人,因此把amazing改為amazed。
8.把rapidly改為rapid。
考查副詞作定語修飾名詞。Rapidly在此修飾名詞achievements,副詞不能 修飾名詞,要用形容詞修飾名詞,故把rapidly改為rapid
9.把has改為had?
考查過去完成時。句意:不知不覺三個小時就過去了。本句中knew是個過去的動作,而三小時是在我們知道之前,是過去的過去,故要用過去完成時,因此把has改為had
10.把no改為not.
考查固定搭配。句意:這次訪問不僅開闊了我的視野,也引起了我對科學技術的興趣。Not only…but also… 為固定搭配,“不但……而且……”,因此要把no改為not.。

假如你是高二學生李華,下面這幅圖是你在網上看到的圖片。圖片内容是兩位志願者維護交通秩序的畫面。你有所感觸,打算針對此事給《二十一世紀英文報》編輯投稿。
2017年,高二英語,下期月考測驗
要點如下:
1. 描述圖片内容;
2. 你的感想。
注意:1. 同數:100左右,開頭和結尾已為你寫好,不計人總詞數;
2. 适當增加細節,以使行文連貫。
3. 參考同彙:交通禮儀traffic etiquette。
Dear Editor,
This is a picture of a busy road.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
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Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

【答案】Dear Editor,
This is a picture of a busy road. The cyclists and the vehicles are waiting for the traffic lights to turn green. From the picture we can see each of the two women volunteers is holding a red flag to make a stop sign.
At some crossings of busy streets and roads in a city or a big town, we often see volunteers helping keep traffic order and maintain traffic safety. In addition, they also promote traffic etiquette. Due to their devotion, people’s awareness of traffic safety and obeying traffic laws can be improved. Their good deeds should be sung high praise for.
From my point of view, as civilized citizens we should obey traffic rules consciously and become polite drivers or cyclists. Thus we can help improve traffic conditions and reduce traffic accidents to some degree.
Yours sincerely,?
Li Hua
【解析】本文屬于圖畫作文。圖畫作文的寫作要領:1、根據提示,準确審題。要注意文體,人物和時态。2、認真讀圖,把握情境,進行圖文轉換。這是關鍵。要根據圖畫中的人物及背景,确定人物之間,人物與背景之間的關系。從整體上把握所呈現的主要内容,圍繞特定的主題合理想象。然後将圖畫所傳達的信息以文字的形式呈現出來,并對轉換後的内容重新組合,确定主要内容。 3、發表感想。圍繞主題展開合理的想象,發表自己的聯想或感想。4、确定段落,拟好提綱,斟酌詞句,組句成文。
亮點分析:本文結構完整,内容齊全。所用句子多為單句,結構簡單。在文中運用了大量的現在進行時,使描述更加生動。文中主動語态和被動語态交互使用,使文章生動活潑。同時還運用了賓語從句:From the picture we can see each of the two women volunteers is holding a red flag to make a stop sign和非謂語做主語:obeying traffic laws can be improved。在文章中大量使用短語,如keep traffic order and maintain traffic safety, promote traffic etiquette,due to their devotion,sing high praise for,improve traffic conditions and reduce traffic accidents, to some degree等增加了文章的可讀性。而連詞的使用,如In addition, thus讓文章語句連貫,有條理。

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